The Punjab Archives comes under the administration of the Punjab Archives and Libraries Department of the Services and General Administration Department of the Punjab Government. It has one of the biggest collections of historical documents in the subcontinent.

The Archive was established in 1923 by Lt. Colonel H. L. O Garret, and the records stored in it date as far back as the early 19th century when the Ludhiana and Ambala Agencies were established. However, some documents, belonged to the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan’s rule, are dated further back to the 17th Century. The collection consists of 80,000 books and millions of other documents, along with the fine collection of lithographs, miniature paintings, seals, and coins. Moreover, there are considerable number of records that belong to the Sikh and British rule.